was born on May 27, 1940 in Tbilisi. From 1958-1962, he studied directing under M. Tumanishvili, at Shota Rustaveli Theatrical Institute (now Shota Rustaveli Theatre and Film Georgia State University). From 1956-1960, he studied under me. Kopelin at All-Union State Institute of Cinematography in Moscow (VGIK). From 1957, he worked at Kartuli Filmi (Georgian Film Studio) as a director of documentary films, and from 1969 onward - as a director at Georgian Films Studio (TV films).